When you need heavy haul trucking equipment, Hale has it! We offer a wide selection of inventory so you can find what you need to haul cargo that cannot be accommodated with standard means of transportation. Successful heavy haul carriers and fleet managers recognize how challenging heavy haul transport can be and understand the importance of preparation and skill paired with proper equipment.
What is Heavy Haul Trucking?
Heavy haul trucking is the transportation of freight that exceeds legal size or weight limitations. These oversized or overweight loads require specific equipment as well as proper permits to safely enable their transport on public roads. Depending on what state, city, or county you travel through, additional restrictions may apply such as the time or day when a heavy haul transport can occur or even the route it may take.
Although each state determines its own regulations for oversized or overweight loads, cargo that exceeds the following criteria generally requires heavy haul services:
- Height of 13.6 feet
- Width of 8.6 feet
- Length of 48 – 53 feet
- Gross weight of 80,000 lbs.
Oversized cargo must adhere to federal weight limits that are calculated with the bridge weight formula. Weight limitations for each axle type are:
- Steer axle: 12,000 lbs.
- Single axle: 20,000 lbs.
- Tandem axle: 34,000 lbs.
In cases where cargo exceeds these per-axle weights, it is necessary to use heavy haul equipment with additional axles.
Types of Heavy Haul Trailers
Choosing the right equipment is vital to any heavy haul trucking job as it is key to transporting large freight safely. When determining which heavy haul trailer is best suited for your job you must consider multiple factors including load weight, dimensions, and cargo type. Understanding the features and capabilities of different types of heavy haul trailers helps you select a trailer that best fits the needs of your project. Browse our extensive inventory of heavy haul trailers to find the right trailer for your fleet!
Extendable flatbed trailers
Flatbed trailers are commonly used because of their ability to carry a variety of freight. Extendable flatbeds provide additional length for heavy haul freight such as lumber or pipes. While a standard flatbed trailer allows a load of up to 53’ and 14,000 lbs., an extended flatbed trailer can accommodate up to 80’ and 18,000 lbs., making them highly desirable for heavy haul transports.
Extendable double drop deck trailers
When heavy haul loads exceed the standard height limit of 8’6”, extendable double drop deck trailers offer the ability to legally haul freight up to 12 feet tall. These trailers have two decks on each end that sit higher than the dropped center well. The axle configuration determines the maximum weight of the load.
Removable gooseneck (RGN) trailers
Removable gooseneck trailers have a detachable front end that can form a ramp from the bottom of the trailer to the ground. This ramp is used to drive equipment directly on and off the trailer making heavy haul freight loading and unloading much easier. RGNs are offered in standard lengths as well as extendable lengths for extra-long heavy haul loads.
Step deck trailers
Much like double drop deck trailers, step deck trailers (also called drop deck trailers) have decks of varying heights. This open style trailer has two deck levels termed an upper deck and a lower deck. Step deck trailers are designed to haul loads that exceed the legal height requirements if hauled with a traditional flatbed trailer. Oftentimes, these trailers come equipped with ramps making the loading and unloading process easier. The low deck height is also advantageous when using forklifts to access the cargo.
Perimeter style trailers
A specialized heavy haul trailer capable of transporting heavy, oversized loads is a perimeter style trailer. These trailers have a large, customizable frame that provides the advantage of allowing cargo to sit within the frame. Perimeter style trailers offer added stability and are a good choice for the safe transport of taller loads.
Flat level deck or drop side rail deck trailers
Lowboy trailers are available in different deck configurations such as flat level deck or drop side rail deck. Flat level decks provide a level platform much like a flatbed, however, flat level decks sit lower to the ground allowing for taller loads. Drop side rail decks have raised center beams with lower tracks on either side. Heavy machinery must be able to straddle the main beams while the dropped sides allow equipment tracks or wheels to sit lower on the trailer.
Contact Hale Trailer Today
Hale Trailer Brake & Wheel, Inc. is proud to be a one-stop solution for all your heavy haul trucking needs. We have an extensive inventory of heavy haul semi-trailers with products from some of the finest names in the industry. Our professional trailer experts are happy to provide premium service, answer any questions, and help you determine the perfect heavy haul equipment for your project. Give us a call for inquiries at 800-232-6535!